Pediatr Pulmonol. ? 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. ""Congenital tuberculosis is a rare disease. The mortality is very high. Through a review of our own cases and the world literature, we describe clinical manifestations, treatment, and prognosis of this disease. A total of 170 subjects with congenital tuberculosis that 6 cases identified by the authors and 164 cases identified in other <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methisazone
">Methisazone</a> case series were included in this study. All patients were diagnosed according to Cantwell's criteria. The data were analyzed using SPSS, version 17.0 spss. There were 70 premature babies among the 170 infants with congenital tuberculosis. The average onset age was 20 days. The mothers of 162 patients were diagnosed as having active tuberculosis during pregnancy or after parturition. Nonspecific signs and symptoms were found in these 170 cases, such as fever, respiratory distress, and hepatosplenomegaly, etc. Abnormal chest radiographs were found in 133 infants, of whom 83 cases showed miliary tuberculosis and multiple pulmonary nodules. Sixty-eight infants died from among the 169 cases. The mortality dropped to 21.7% after treatment with anti-tuberculosis medication. The blood leukocyte count (P?<?0.001), anti-tuberculosis treatment (P?<?0.001), age of onset (P?=?0.004), and presence of intracranial lesions (P?<?0.001) affected the prognosis of congenital tuberculosis. The majority <a href="http://www.selleckchem.com/products/Roscovitine.html
">Roscovitine clinical trial</a> of infants with congenital tuberculosis onset within 2�C3 weeks after delivery had no specific manifestations. Anti-tuberculosis medication could reduce the mortality. The age of onset, presence of intracranial lesions, anti-tuberculosis treatment, specific image performances and leukocyte count were related to the prognosis of congenital tuberculosis. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2011; 46: 1215�C1224. ? 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. ""We herein report a case of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) primarily presenting with asthma-like symptoms that had been misdiagnosed as severe asthma. Patients presenting with severe asthma symptoms along with systemic thrombosis should be systematically evaluated for APS. Pediatr Pulmonol. ? 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. ""Immature lungs of preterm infants are particularly prone to overdistension from mechanical ventilation or continuous positive airway pressure. In these infants a localized pulmonary emphysema (PE) <a href="http://www.selleckchem.com/products/SGI-1776.html
">SGI-1776 in vivo</a> can develop. Conventional therapy regimens to resolve this process sometimes fail and especially in the case of bullous emphysema (BE) invasive procedures such as surgical resection of the affected lobe ultimately may be required. In the past few years we have applied selective one-sided lung ventilation, a nearly forgotten therapeutic option, in these infants with acquired BE. Medical charts of preterm infants in two Divisions of Neonatology, born between 1993 and 2010 with acquired BE treated with selective one-sided ventilation were reviewed.